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Relative Profits/Losses

With relative profits/losses, the absolute highest or lowest positions are not used to calculate the winners/losers but instead the relative highest and lowest positions. Relative because the prices are always viewed in comparison to the overall market (index in which the share is represented). Example: If Daimler-Chrysler has fallen by 12% at the annual review and the Dax by 20% in comparison, then Daimler-Chrysler has relatively increased by 8%. This tool gives investors the option to view the price development of a share in relation to the overall market.


In stock exchange trading: the difference between a security’s nominal value and higher market value, expressed in % of the nominal value.
In foreign exchange trading: the difference between the spot price and the higher forward price.


The market situation where the prices for contracts with a later maturity date are higher than contracts, which mature sooner.

Reverse Split

A reverse split is the reverse process to a share split. Several securities from a listed company are combined within a share. Consequently, the share appears to be more expensive. Companies consider this step especially after a strong slump in prices or capital measures in the course of spin-offs. The advantages of the share split, such as higher liquidity and therefore better tradability, are relinquished for a visually higher price.


German abbreviation for: Deutscher Rentenindex [German Bond Index]. It is calculated by the German Stock Exchange and reflects the weighted average price of 30 ideal types of German bonds. The REX is calculated both as a price and a performance index.

Risk Management

Measures to monitor the risk to a position through the use of financial futures and options.


The exchange of interest rates to raise different interest-bearing capital.

Current share price



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